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The impact of unemployment on child maltreatment in the United States

Brown, Dan and De Cao, Elisabetta (2018) The impact of unemployment on child maltreatment in the United States. Working Paper (2018-04). Institute for Social and Economic Research, Colchester, UK.

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Abstract

We study the effect of unemployment on child maltreatment in the United States for the period 2004-12, at the county level. We use a new administrative dataset containing every report of child abuse and neglect made to the Child Protective Services, and identify the effect using a Bartik instrument. A one percentage point increase in the unemployment rate causes a 20 percent increase in neglect. We provide evidence that parents' lack of social and private safety nets is an important mechanism behind the effect. Our results capture an effect on the actual incidence of neglect and not reporting behaviour.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Additional Information: © 2018 The Authors
Divisions: Health Policy
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
JEL classification: I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I0 - General > I00 - General
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J12 - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J13 - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J65 - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings
K - Law and Economics > K4 - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior > K42 - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2019 14:12
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2019 00:48
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/101645

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