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A conditional process model of children’s behavioral engagement and behavioral disaffection in sport based on self-determination theory

Curran, Thomas, Hill, Andrew P. and Niemiec, Christopher P. (2013) A conditional process model of children’s behavioral engagement and behavioral disaffection in sport based on self-determination theory. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 35 (1). 30 – 43. ISSN 0895-2779

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Identification Number: 10.1123/jsep.35.1.30

Abstract

The potential benefits of children’s engagement in sport for their psychological, social, and physical health are well established. Yet children may also experience psychological and social impairments due, in part, to a variety of detrimental coach behaviors. In the current study, we proposed and tested a conditional process model of children’s self-reported behavioral engagement and behavioral disaffection in sport based on self-determination theory. Results from a sample of 245 youth soccer players suggested that structure from coaches related positively to behavioral engagement and negatively to behavioral disaffection, and that these relations were mediated by athletes’ basic psychological need satisfaction. Importantly, and in line with our hypotheses, these indirect effects were moderated by autonomy support from coaches, such that the mediation was evident only among those who reported higher levels of autonomy support. These findings underscore the importance of coaches’ providing guidance, expectations, and feedback (i.e., structure) in a way that respects athletes’ volition (i.e., autonomy support).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2013 Human Kinetics
Divisions: Psychological and Behavioural Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2019 08:45
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2019 03:07
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/101546

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