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Trait reappraisal amplifies subjective defeat, sadness, and negative affect in response to failure versus success in nonclinical and psychosis populations

Johnson, Judith, Gooding, Patricia A., Wood, Alexander Mathew, Taylor, Peter J. and Tarrier, Nicholas (2011) Trait reappraisal amplifies subjective defeat, sadness, and negative affect in response to failure versus success in nonclinical and psychosis populations. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 120 (4). 922 - 934. ISSN 0021-843X

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Identification Number: 10.1037/a0023737

Abstract

Perceptions of defeat have been linked to a range of clinical disorders including psychosis. Perceived defeat sometimes increases in response to failure, but the strength of this association varies between individuals. The present research investigated whether trait reappraisal, a thought-focused coping style, amplified response to stressful events. Two studies (Study 1, n = 120 nonclinical participants; Study 2, n = 77 participants with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders) investigated whether trait reappraisal amplified feelings of defeat following an experience of failure versus success. Frequent reappraisers showed the largest increases in subjective defeat after failure versus success in both studies, with nonclinical participants with greater habitual reappraisal also showing larger increases in sadness and general negative affect. Frequent use of reappraisal may confer vulnerability to subjective defeat in response to stressful life events among nonclinical and clinical populations and could be an area for relapse prevention interventions to target.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/abn/
Additional Information: © 2011 American Psychological Association
Divisions: Psychological and Behavioural Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2019 11:57
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2019 15:36
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/101533

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