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Perfectionism, burnout and engagement in youth sport: the mediating role of basic psychological needs

Jowett, Gareth E., Hill, Andrew P., Hall, Howard K. and Curran, Thomas (2016) Perfectionism, burnout and engagement in youth sport: the mediating role of basic psychological needs. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 24. pp. 18-26. ISSN 0895-2779

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.01.001

Abstract

Recent research indicates perfectionistic concerns and perfectionistic strivings share divergent associations with athlete burnout and athlete engagement. Guided by self-determination theory, the present study examined whether these associations were explained by basic psychological needs. Youth athletes (n = 222, M age = 16.01, SD = 2.68) completed measures of multidimensional perfectionism, athlete burnout, athlete engagement, basic psychological need satisfaction and thwarting. Structural equation modelling revealed that basic psychological need satisfaction and thwarting mediated the perfectionism–engagement and perfectionism–burnout relationships. Perfectionistic concerns shared a negative relationship (via need satisfaction) with athlete engagement and a positive relationship (via need satisfaction and thwarting) with athlete burnout. In contrast, perfectionistic strivings shared a positive relationship (via need satisfaction) with athlete engagement and a negative relationship (via need satisfaction and thwarting) with athlete burnout. The findings highlight the role of basic psychological needs in explaining the differential associations that perfectionistic concerns and strivings share with athlete burnout and engagement.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
Divisions: Psychological and Behavioural Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2019 12:51
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2019 02:39
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/101451

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