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Gender and family: conceptual overview

Barr, Nicholas (2019) Gender and family: conceptual overview. Social Protection and Jobs Discussion Papers (1916). World Bank, Washington, DC.

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Abstract

This paper starts from the fact that women receive lower pensions than men on average, and considers policies to address that fact. Women typically have lower wages than men, a greater likelihood of part-time work and more career breaks, and thus generally a less complete contribution record. In addition, pension age may be lower for women and annuities may be priced using separate life tables for women. The paper looks at three strategic ameliorative policy directions: policies intended to increase the size and duration of women’s earnings and hence improve their contribution records; policies to redirect resources within the pension system, including for survivors and after divorce; and ways of boosting women’s pensions with resources from outside the pension system.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/1...
Additional Information: © 2019 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank
Divisions: European Institute
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
JEL classification: J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J16 - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs > J32 - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Private Pensions
H - Public Economics > H5 - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies > H55 - Social Security and Public Pensions
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2019 10:45
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2020 23:10
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/101237

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