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Effects of integrated conservation-development projects on unauthorized resource use in Rwanda’s volcanoes national park: a mixed-methods spatiotemporal approach

Bernhard, Katie, Sabuhoro, Edwin, Nyandwi, Elias, Munanura, Ian E and Smith, Thomas E.L (2019) Effects of integrated conservation-development projects on unauthorized resource use in Rwanda’s volcanoes national park: a mixed-methods spatiotemporal approach. Oryx. ISSN 0030-6053 (In Press)

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Abstract

This study supplements spatial panel econometrics techniques with qualitative-GIS to analyze spatiotemporal changes in the distribution of integrated conservation-development projects relative to poaching activity and unauthorized resource use in Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda. Cluster and spatial regression analyses were performed on ranger-based monitoring data containing >35,000 combined observations of illegal activities in Volcanoes National Park, against tourism revenue-sharing and conservation non-governmental organization (NGO) funding data, 2006-2015. Results were enriched with qualitative-GIS analysis from key informant interviews. The study finds a statistically significant negative linear effect of overall integrated conservation-development investments on unauthorized resource use in Volcanoes National Park. However, individually, tourism revenue-sharing funding was not found to have an effect in contrast to the significant negative effect of conservation-NGO funding. Cluster analysis revealed significant gaps in revenue-sharing funding relative to the hotspots of illegal activities, also unlike conservation-NGO funding. Insight from qualitative-GIS analysis suggests that incongruity in decisionmaker prioritization at least partly explains the differences between revenue-sharing and conservation-NGO investment effects. Although the overall results are encouraging for integrated conservation-development projects, we recommend increased spatial alignment of funding with clusters of illegal activities for data-driven investment decision-making.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2019 Fauna & Flora International
Divisions: Geography & Environment
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2019 11:51
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2019 08:21
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/101010

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