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Cultural evolutionary neuroscience

Uchiyama, Ryutaro and Muthukrishna, Michael ORCID: 0000-0002-7079-5166 (2019) Cultural evolutionary neuroscience. In: Oxford handbook of cultural neuroscience and global mental health. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

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Cultural evolution and cultural neuroscience are complementary approaches to understanding the origins and function of cross-cultural differences in psychology. Cultural evolution, and Dual Inheritance Theory more generally, offers a theoretical framework for understanding cultural transmission and cultural change and how these can change gene frequencies. However, these theories have largely ignored the details of the minds engaging in these processes. Cultural evolutionary models tend to treat the brain as a black-box. Cultural neuroscience offers a rich toolkit for examining how cross-cultural psychological differences manifest at a neurological level. However, these tools have largely been used to document differences between populations. Cultural neuroscience tends to ignore why we should expect these differences or how to identify if they are meaningful. We review work in each field to carve a pathway for a productive synthesis. This cultural evolutionary neuroscience will benefit both fields and lead to a more complete understanding of human culture.

Item Type: Book Section
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2019 The Authors
Divisions: Psychological and Behavioural Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2019 23:16
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2021 23:26

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