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A problem in theory

Muthukrishna, Michael and Henrich, Joseph (2019) A problem in theory. Nature Human Behaviour, 3 (3). pp. 221-229. ISSN 2397-3374

[img] Text (Dual Inheritance Theory Perspective) - Accepted Version
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Identification Number: 10.1038/s41562-018-0522-1

Abstract

The replication crisis facing the psychological sciences is widely regarded as rooted in methodological or statistical shortcomings. We argue that a large part of the problem is the lack of a cumulative theoretical framework or frameworks. Without an overarching theoretical framework that generates hypotheses across diverse domains, empirical programs spawn and grow from personal intuitions and culturally biased folk theories. By providing ways to develop clear predictions, including through the use of formal modelling, theoretical frameworks set expectations that determine whether a new finding is confirmatory, nicely integrating with existing lines of research, or surprising, and therefore requiring further replication and scrutiny. Such frameworks also prioritize certain research foci, motivate the use diverse empirical approaches and, often, provide a natural means to integrate across the sciences. Thus, overarching theoretical frameworks pave the way toward a more general theory of human behaviour. We illustrate one such a theoretical framework: dual inheritance theory.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2019 Springer Nature Publishing
Divisions: Psychological and Behavioural Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2019 00:13
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2019 23:08
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/100335

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