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Romania: health system review

Vlădescu, Cristian, Scîntee, Silvia Gabriela, Olsavszky, Victor, Hernández-Quevedo, Cristina and Sagan, Anna (2016) Romania: health system review. Health Systems in Transition. (18/4). World Health Organization on behalf of the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, Copenhagen, DK.

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This analysis of the Romanian health system reviews recent developments in organization and governance, health financing, health care provision, health reforms and health system performance. The Romanian health care system is a social health insurance system that has remained highly centralized despite recent efforts to decentralize some regulatory functions. It provides a comprehensive benefits package to the 85% of the population that is covered, with the remaining population having access to a minimum package of benefits. While every insured person has access to the same health care benefits regardless of their socioeconomic situation, there are inequities in access to health care across many dimensions, such as rural versus urban, and health outcomes also differ across these dimensions. The Romanian population has seen increasing life expectancy and declining mortality rates but both remain among the worst in the European Union (EU). Some unfavourable trends have been observed, including increasing numbers of new HIV/AIDS diagnoses and falling immunization rates. Public sources account for over 80% of total health financing. However, that leaves considerable out-of-pocket payments covering almost a fifth of total expenditure. The share of informal payments also seems to be substantial, but precise figures are unknown. In 2014, Romania had the lowest health expenditure as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) among the EU Member States.

Item Type: Book
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2016 World Health Organization (acting as the host organization for, and secretariat of, the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies).
Divisions: LSE
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2016 10:00
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2024 07:12

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