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The body that speaks: recombining bodies and speech sources in unscripted face-to-face communication

Gillespie, Alex and Corti, Kevin (2016) The body that speaks: recombining bodies and speech sources in unscripted face-to-face communication. Frontiers in Psychology, 7 (1300). ISSN 1664-1078

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Abstract

This article examines advances in research methods that enable experimental substitution of the speaking body in unscripted face-to-face communication. A taxonomy of six hybrid social agents is presented by combining three types of bodies (mechanical, virtual, and human) with either an artificial or human speech source. Our contribution is to introduce and explore the significance of two particular hybrids: (1) the cyranoid method that enables humans to converse face-to-face through the medium of another person's body, and (2) the echoborg method that enables artificial intelligence to converse face-to-face through the medium of a human body. These two methods are distinct in being able to parse the unique influence of the human body when combined with various speech sources. We also introduce a new framework for conceptualizing the body's role in communication, distinguishing three levels: self's perspective on the body, other's perspective on the body, and self's perspective of other's perspective on the body. Within each level the cyranoid and echoborg methodologies make important research questions tractable. By conceptualizing and synthesizing these methods, we outline a novel paradigm of research on the role of the body in unscripted face-to-face communication.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://journal.frontiersin.org/journal/psychology
Additional Information: © 2016 The Authors
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
Sets: Departments > Psychological and Behavioural Science
Identification Number: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01300
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2016 14:50
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2016 09:34
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/67927

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