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Does Rosie like riveting? Male and female occupational choices

Lordan, Grace and Pischke, Jorn-Steffen ORCID: 0000-0002-6466-1874 (2016) Does Rosie like riveting? Male and female occupational choices. NBER working paper (22495). National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, USA.

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Abstract

Occupational segregation and pay gaps by gender remain large while many of the constraints traditionally believed to be responsible for these gaps have weakened over time. Here, we explore the possibility that women and men have different tastes for the content of the work they do. We run regressions of job satisfaction on the share of males in an occupation. Overall, there is a strong negative relationship between female satisfaction and the share of males. This relationship is fairly stable across different specifications and contexts, and the magnitude of the association is not attenuated by personal characteristics or other occupation averages. Notably, the effect is muted for women but largely unchanged for men when we include three measures that proxy the content and context of the work in an occupation, which we label ‘people,’ ‘brains,’ and ‘brawn.’ These results suggest that women may care more about job content, and this is a possible factor preventing them from entering some male dominated professions. We continue to find a strong negative relationship between female satisfaction and the occupation level share of males in a separate analysis that includes share of males in the firm. This suggests that we are not just picking up differences in the work environment, although these seem to play an independent and important role as well.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Official URL: http://www.nber.org/
Additional Information: © 2016 The Authors
Divisions: Social Policy
Centre for Economic Performance
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
Sets: Departments > Social Policy
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2016 16:46
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2020 19:03
Funders: ESRC National Centre for Research Methods, University of Southampton
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/67720

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