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A cross-sectional study to compare levels of psychiatric morbidity between young people and adults exposed to violence in a large urban center

Jaen-Varas, Denisse, Mari, Jair de Jesus, Coutinho, Evandro da Silva, Andreoli, Sérgio Baxter, Quintana, Maria Inês, de Mello, Marcelo Feijó, Bressan, Rodrigo Affonseca and Silva-Ribeiro, Wagner (2016) A cross-sectional study to compare levels of psychiatric morbidity between young people and adults exposed to violence in a large urban center. BMC Psychiatry, 16 (1). ISSN 1471-244X

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Identification Number: 10.1186/s12888-016-0847-0

Abstract

Background Teenagers and young adults are more exposed to violence and traumatic events than adults, and these factors can be associated with mental disorders. This paper aims at investigating whether young people are more exposed to violence and traumatic events and to compare pattern of mental disorders with adults. Methods Cross-sectional study using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, conducted between 2007 and 2008 with a randomly selected sample of 15 to 75 year-old residents of São Paulo, Brazil. Results Two thousand five hundred thirty-six participants were divided into two groups: 1096 (43.2 %) young people (15 to 24 years), and 1440 (56.8 %) adults (25 to 75 years). 12-month exposure to traumatic events was higher among young people (32.1 % vs. 20.6 %; p < 0.001). Assaultive violence was reported by 13.4 % of young people and 8.6 % of adults (p = 0.012); 20.1 % of young people and 13 % of adults reported suffering other injury or shocking events (p < 0.001); sudden death/life threatening illness of a close person was declared by 6.1 % of young people and 3.2 % of adults (p = 0.017). Prevalence of alcohol related disorders was higher among young people (5.4 % vs. 2.5 %; P = 0.032); depressive disorders were more prevalent among adults (9.0 % vs. 4.7 %; P = 0.004). Alcohol related disorders were associated to assaultive violence among young people (OR = 3.4; 95 % CI = 1.36 to 8.52; p = 0.004) and adults (OR = 2.38; 95 % CI = 1.23 to 4.61; p = 0.002). Phobic/anxiety disorders were associated to other injury or shocking events among young people (OR = 1.28; 95 % CI = 0.67 to 2.44; p = 0.025). Major depressive disorder was associated to assaultive violence among young people (OR = 2.27; 95 % CI = 1.09 to 4.74; p = 0.004) and adults (OR = 1.28; 95 % CI = 0.85 to 1.93; p = 0.009). Conclusion Exposure to violence and traumatic events was higher among young people. Alcohol related disorders, depression and phobic/anxiety disorders were significantly higher among young people exposed to traumatic events. Despite the study design, high exposure to violence and traumatic events in this age group can be considered important factors in triggering mental disorders in this vulnerable age period.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/
Additional Information: © 2016 The Authors
Divisions: Personal Social Services Research Unit
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Sets: Research centres and groups > Personal Social Services Research Unit (PSSRU)
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2016 10:25
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2019 02:13
Projects: 2004/15039-0, 420122/2005-2
Funders: State of São Paulo Funding Agency – FAPESP, National Research and Technology Development Council – CNPq
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/67161

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