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Boulevard to broken dreams, part 1: the Polonoroeste road project in the Brazilian Amazon, and the World Bank’senvironmental and indigenous peoples’ norms

Wade, Robert H. (2016) Boulevard to broken dreams, part 1: the Polonoroeste road project in the Brazilian Amazon, and the World Bank’senvironmental and indigenous peoples’ norms. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, 36 (1). pp. 214-230. ISSN 1809-4538

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Identification Number: 10.1590/0101-31572016v36n01a12

Abstract

Before the mid 1980s the World Bank conceived “nature” as something to be “conquered” and “environment” as a source of resources for “development”. By the late 1980s the Bank incorporated norms of environmental sustainability and indigenous peoples’ protection into its mandate, and other development-oriented IOs followed. This two-part paper describes how a fight over the Polonoroeste road project in the Brazilian Amazon inside the Bank, between the Bank and NGOs supported by the US Congress, and between the Bank and the government of Brazil helped to generate the far-reaching change of policy norms. The first part describes how the project was designed as an innovation in sustainable development in rainforests; and how it provoked a firestorm inside the Bank as it moved towards project approval

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.rep.org.br/index.asp
Additional Information: © 2016 The Author © CC BY 4.0
Divisions: International Development
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
JEL classification: I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O13 - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics
Sets: Departments > International Development
Collections > Economists Online
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2016 14:10
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2019 02:55
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/65906

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