Cookies?
Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

Trends and group differences in the association between educational attainment and U.S. adult mortality: implications for understanding education's causal influence

Hayward, Mark D., Hummer, Robert A. and Sasson, Isaac (2014) Trends and group differences in the association between educational attainment and U.S. adult mortality: implications for understanding education's causal influence. Social Science and Medicine, 127. pp. 8-18. ISSN 0277-9536

Full text not available from this repository.
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.11.024

Abstract

Has the shape of the association between educational attainment and U.S. adult mortality changed in recent decades? If so, is it changing consistently across demographic groups? What can changes in the shape of the association tell us about the possible mechanisms in play for improving health and lowering mortality risk over the adult life course? This paper develops the argument that societal technological change may have had profound effects on the importance of educational attainment e particularly advanced education e in the U.S. adult population for garnering health advantages and that these changes should be reflected in changes in the functional form of the association between educational attainment and mortality. We review the historical evidence on the changing functional form of the association, drawing on studies based in the United States, to assess whether these changes are consistent with our argument about the role of technological change. We also provide an updated analysis of these functional form patterns and trends, contrasting data from the early 21st Century with data from the late 20th Century. This updated evidence suggests that the shape of the association between educational attainment and U.S. adult mortality appears to be reflecting lower and lower adult mortality for very highly educated Americans compared to their low-educated counterparts in the 21st Century. We draw on this review and updated evidence to reflect on the question whether education's association with adult mortality has become increasingly causal in recent decades, why, and the potential research, policy, and global implications of these changes.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/social-science-an...
Additional Information: © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Divisions: Social Policy
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
L Education > L Education (General)
Sets: Departments > Social Policy
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2016 14:31
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2020 01:56
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/65184

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item