Cookies?
Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

Examination of the synthetic control method for evaluating health policies with multiple treated units

Kreif, Noémi, Grieve, Richard, Hangartner, Dominik, Turner, Alex James, Nikolova, Silviya and Sutton, Matt (2016) Examination of the synthetic control method for evaluating health policies with multiple treated units. Health Economics, 25 (12). pp. 1514-1528. ISSN 1057-9230

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (664kB) | Preview

Identification Number: 10.1002/hec.3258

Abstract

This paper examines the synthetic control method in contrast to commonly used difference-in-differences (DiD) estimation, in the context of a re-evaluation of a pay-for-performance (P4P) initiative, the Advancing Quality scheme. The synthetic control method aims to estimate treatment effects by constructing a weighted combination of control units, which represents what the treated group would have experienced in the absence of receiving the treatment. While DiD estimation assumes that the effects of unobserved confounders are constant over time, the synthetic control method allows for these effects to change over time, by re-weighting the control group so that it has similar pre-intervention characteristics to the treated group. We extend the synthetic control approach to a setting of evaluation of a health policy where there are multiple treated units. We re-analyse a recent study evaluating the effects of a hospital P4P scheme on risk-adjusted hospital mortality. In contrast to the original DiD analysis, the synthetic control method reports that, for the incentivised conditions, the P4P scheme did not significantly reduce mortality and that there is a statistically significant increase in mortality for non-incentivised conditions. This result was robust to alternative specifications of the synthetic control method

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(IS...
Additional Information: © 2015 The Authors © CC BY 4.0
Divisions: Government
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Sets: Departments > Government
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2016 16:40
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2019 02:53
Projects: SRF-2013-06-016, MR/L012332/1
Funders: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, National Institute for Health Research, Medical Research Council
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/65074

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics