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Offshoring and the geography of jobs in Great Britain

Gagliardi, Luisa and Iammarino, Simona and Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés (2015) Offshoring and the geography of jobs in Great Britain. SERC discussion papers, SERCDP0185. Spatial Economics Research Centre, London, UK.

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Identification Number: SERCDP0185

Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of the offshoring of production activities on domestic jobs in Great Britain. The paper considers both the spatial heterogeneity across local labour markets and variations in the intensity of outward flows of investments abroad (OFDI) across industries in order to shed new light on the job creation/destruction implications of offshoring. The results suggest that offshoring may generate significant job losses in routine occupations in areas that have been more exposed to the relocation of production abroad, regardless of whether the relocation has been to developed or developing/emerging countries. Offshoring to developing/emerging countries has, by contrast, a positive effect on the generation of non-routine jobs. Efficiency gains accruing from the international reorganization of production increase in the long-run, with compensation mechanisms operating through growth of employment in higher value added activities at home. Overall, our results uncover important spatial and interpersonal inequalities in job creation, which provide new challenges for public policy.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: http://www.spatialeconomics.ac.uk/
Additional Information: © 2015 The Authors
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
JEL classification: F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F21 - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Time Allocation, Work Behavior, and Employment Determination and Creation; Human Capital; Retirement > J23 - Employment Determination; Job Creation; Demand for Labor; Self-Employment
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Time Allocation, Work Behavior, and Employment Determination and Creation; Human Capital; Retirement > J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J4 - Particular Labor Markets > J42 - Monopsony; Segmented Labor Markets
Sets: Research centres and groups > Spatial Economics Research Centre
Collections > Economists Online
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 12:17
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2016 12:17
Funders: Economic and Social Research Council
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/65018

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