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Inequalities of income and inequalities of longevity: a cross-country study

Neumayer, Eric ORCID: 0000-0003-2719-7563 and Plümper, Thomas (2016) Inequalities of income and inequalities of longevity: a cross-country study. American Journal of Public Health, 106 (1). pp. 160-165. ISSN 0090-0036

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Identification Number: 10.2105/AJPH.2015.302849


Objectives. We examined the effects of market income inequality (income inequality before taxes and transfers) and income redistribution via taxes and transfers on inequality in longevity. Methods. Life tables were used to compute Gini coefficients of longevity inequality for all individuals and for individuals that survived at least to the age of ten. Longevity inequality was regressed on market income inequality and income redistribution controlling for a range of potential confounders in a cross-sectional time-series sample of up to 28 predominantly Western developed countries and up to 37 years. Results. Income inequality before taxes and transfers is positively associated with inequality in the number of years lived, while income redistribution (the difference between market income inequality and income inequality after taxes and transfers have been accounted for) is negatively associated with longevity inequality in our sample. Conclusions. To the extent that our estimated effects based on observational data are causal, governments can reduce inequality in the number of years lived not only via public health policies, but also via their influence on market income inequality and the redistribution of incomes from the relatively rich to the relatively poor.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2015 American Public Health Association
Divisions: Geography & Environment
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2015 12:54
Last Modified: 22 May 2024 03:00

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