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Do international non-governmental organizations inhibit globalization? the case of capital account liberalization in developing countries

Pinheiro, Diogo, Chwieroth, Jeffrey and Hicks, Alexander (2015) Do international non-governmental organizations inhibit globalization? the case of capital account liberalization in developing countries. European Journal of International Relations, 21 (1). pp. 146-170. ISSN 1354-0661

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Identification Number: 10.1177/1354066114523656

Abstract

Why do countries liberalize capital controls? The literature identifies a range of possible reasons. Yet despite considerable advances, the impact of international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) has yet to be considered. In fact, surprisingly, systematic analysis of the role of INGOs in the diffusion of economic openness, financial or otherwise, has not been pursued previously. We offer the first such analysis by advancing the idea of “climatic mimesis,” which refers to the cultural climate for policymaking that results from country ties to INGO. INGOs shape capital account regulation by altering the cultural climate in a country such that liberalization becomes a more problematic policy choice. Our statistical analysis of data from developing countries reveals that INGO-ties inhibited liberalization as did relatively high public debt and concentrated domestic banking sectors. The presence of an IMF program and liberalization by economic competitors encouraged it. We suggest these findings have important implications for understanding the potential for convergence and divergence in an era of globalization.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://ejt.sagepub.com/
Additional Information: © 2014 The Authors
Divisions: International Relations
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Sets: Departments > International Relations
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2015 09:12
Last Modified: 20 May 2019 01:50
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/63669

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