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How the great apes (Pan troglodytes, Pongo pygmaeus, Pan paniscus, and Gorilla gorilla) perform on the reversed contingency task: the effects of food quantity and food visibility

Vlamings, Petra H. J. M. and Uher, Jana and Call, Josep (2006) How the great apes (Pan troglodytes, Pongo pygmaeus, Pan paniscus, and Gorilla gorilla) perform on the reversed contingency task: the effects of food quantity and food visibility. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 32 (1). pp. 60-70. ISSN 0097-7403

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Identification Number: 10.1037/0097-7403.32.1.60

Abstract

S. T. Boysen and G. G. Berntson (1995) found that chimpanzees performed poorly on a reversed contingency task in which they had to point to the smaller of 2 food quantities to acquire the larger quantity. The authors compared the performance of 4 great ape species (Pan troglodytes, Pongo pygmaeus, Pan paniscus, and Gorilla gorilla) on the reversed contingency task while manipulating food quantity (0-4 or 1-4) and food visibility (visible pairs or covered pairs). Results showed no systematic species differences but large individual differences. Some individuals of each species were able to solve the reversed contingency task. Both quantity and visibility of the food items had a significant effect on performance. Subjects performed better when the disparity between quantities was smaller and the quantities were not directly visible.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/xan/index.aspx
Additional Information: © 2006 American Psychological Association
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Sets: Departments > Social Psychology
Departments > Psychological and Behavioural Science
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2015 11:24
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2016 11:18
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/63632

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