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Personality in the behaviour of great apes: temporal stability, cross-situational consistency and coherence in response

Uher, Jana, Asendorpf, Jens B. and Call, Josep (2008) Personality in the behaviour of great apes: temporal stability, cross-situational consistency and coherence in response. Animal Behaviour, 75 (1). pp. 99-112. ISSN 0003-3472

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.04.018

Abstract

Using a multidisciplinary approach, the present study complements ethological behaviour measurements with basic theoretical concepts, methods and approaches of the personality psychological trait paradigm. Its adoptability and usefulness for animal studies are tested exemplarily on a sample of 20 zoo-housed great apes (five of each of the following species): bonobos, Pan paniscus; chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes verus; gorillas, Gorilla gorilla gorilla; and orang-utans, Pongo pygmaeus abelii. Data on 76 single trait-relevant behaviours were recorded in a series of 14 laboratory-based situations and in two different group situations. Data collection was repeated completely after a break of 2 weeks within a 50-day period. All behaviour records were sufficiently reliable. Individual- and variable-oriented analyses showed high/substantial temporal stability on different levels of aggregation. Distinctive and stable individual situational and response profiles clarified the importance of situations and of multiple trait-relevant behaviours. The present study calls for a closer collaboration between behavioural biologists and personality psychologists to tap the full potential of animal personality research.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00033...
Additional Information: © 2007 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour
Divisions: Psychological and Behavioural Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Q Science > QL Zoology
Sets: Departments > Social Psychology
Departments > Psychological and Behavioural Science
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2015 13:54
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2019 09:07
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/63584

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