Cookies?
Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

Community-based rehabilitation for people with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review

Iemmi, Valentina, Gibson, Lorna, Blanchet, Karl, Suresh Kumar, K, Rath, Santosh, Hartley, Sally, Murthy, Gudlavalleti VS, Patel, Vikram, Weber, Joerg and Kuper, Hannah (2015) Community-based rehabilitation for people with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 15. ISSN 1891-1803

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (2MB) | Preview

Identification Number: 10.4073/csr.2015.15

Abstract

Review question: We reviewed the evidence about the impact of community-based rehabilitation on the lives of people with disabilities and their carers in low- and middle-income countries. Background: People with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments, which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others. There are estimated to be over one billion people with disabilities globally and 80% of them live in low- and middle-income countries. They are often excluded from education, health, and employment and other aspects of society leading to an increased risk of poverty. Community-based rehabilitation interventions are the strategy endorsed by the World Health Organization and other international organisations (e.g. ILO, IDDC) for addressing the needs of this group of people in low- and middle-income countries. These interventions aim to enhance the quality of life of people with disabilities and their carers, by trying to meet their basic needs and ensuring inclusion and participation using predominantly local resources. These interventions are composed of up to five components: health, education, livelihood, social and empowerment. Currently only few people who need them benefit from these interventions, and so it is important to assess the available evidence to identify how to best implement these programmes. Study characteristics: The evidence in this review is current to July 2012. This review identified 15 studies that assessed the impact of community-based rehabilitation on the lives of people with disabilities and their carers in low- and middle-income countries. The studies included in the review used different types of community-based rehabilitation interventions and targeted different types of physical (stroke, arthritis, chronic 7 The Campbell Collaboration | www.campbellcollaboration.org obstructive pulmonary disease) and mental disabilities (schizophrenia, dementia, intellectual impairment). Key results: Overall, randomised controlled trials suggested a beneficial effect of community-based rehabilitation interventions in the lives of people with physical disabilities (stroke and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Similar results were found for non-randomised studies for physical disabilities (stroke and arthritis) with the exception of one non-randomised study on stroke showing community-based rehabilitation was less favourable than hospital-based rehabilitation. Overall, randomised controlled trials suggested a modest beneficial effect of community-based rehabilitation interventions for people with mental disabilities (schizophrenia, dementia, intellectual impairment), and for their carers (dementia). Similar results were found for non-randomised studies for mental disabilities (schizophrenia). However, the methodological constraints of many of these studies limit the strength of our results. In order to build stronger evidence, future studies will need to adopt better study designs, will need to focus on broader clients group, and to include economic evaluations.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.campbellcollaboration.org/
Additional Information: © 2015 The Authors
Divisions: LSE
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Sets: Research centres and groups > LSE Health and Social Care
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2015 11:12
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2019 20:00
Funders: International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie)
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/63476

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics