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Motivating compliance behavior among offenders: procedural justice or deterrence?

Murphy, T., Bradford, B. and Jackson, J. ORCID: 0000-0003-2426-2219 (2016) Motivating compliance behavior among offenders: procedural justice or deterrence? Criminal Justice and Behavior, 43 (1). pp. 102-118. ISSN 0093-8548

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Identification Number: 10.1177/0093854815611166


Research shows that procedural justice can motivate compliance behavior through the mediating influence of either legitimacy or social identity. Yet few studies examine the relative importance of these two mediators in the same analysis. Using three waves of longitudinal survey data collected from 359 tax offenders we examine: (a) whether procedural justice is important to offenders’ decisions to comply with their future tax obligations over and above fear of sanctions; and (b) whether legitimacy and social identity processes mediate the relationship between procedural justice and compliance. Our results reveal that: (1) legitimacy mediates the effect of procedural justice on compliance; (2) social identity mediates the procedural justice/compliance relationship; (3) identity seems to matter slightly more than perceptions of legitimacy when predicting tax compliance; (4) perceived risk of sanction plays a small but counterproductive role in predicting tax compliance. We conclude that normative concerns dominate taxpayers’ compliance decisions. Our findings have implications for understanding compliance behavior, but also for conceptualizing why and how procedural justice can motivate such behavior.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2015 International Association for Correctional and Forensic Psychology
Divisions: Methodology
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Sets: Departments > Methodology
Research centres and groups > Mannheim Centre for Criminology
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2015 15:24
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 03:21

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