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Association between public views of mental illness and self-stigma among individuals with mental illness in 14 European countries.

Evans-Lacko, Sara, Brohan, E., Mojtabai, R. and Thornicroft, G. (2011) Association between public views of mental illness and self-stigma among individuals with mental illness in 14 European countries. Psychological Medicine, 42 (8). pp. 1741-52. ISSN 0033-2917

Full text not available from this repository.
Identification Number: 10.1017/S0033291711002558

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Little is known about how the views of the public are related to self-stigma among people with mental health problems. Despite increasing activity aimed at reducing mental illness stigma, there is little evidence to guide and inform specific anti-stigma campaign development and messages to be used in mass campaigns. A better understanding of the association between public knowledge, attitudes and behaviours and the internalization of stigma among people with mental health problems is needed. METHOD: This study links two large, international datasets to explore the association between public stigma in 14 European countries (Eurobarometer survey) and individual reports of self-stigma, perceived discrimination and empowerment among persons with mental illness (n=1835) residing in those countries [the Global Alliance of Mental Illness Advocacy Networks (GAMIAN) study]. RESULTS: Individuals with mental illness living in countries with less stigmatizing attitudes, higher rates of help-seeking and treatment utilization and better perceived access to information had lower rates of self-stigma and perceived discrimination and those living in countries where the public felt more comfortable talking to people with mental illness had less self-stigma and felt more empowered. CONCLUSIONS: Targeting the general public through mass anti-stigma interventions may lead to a virtuous cycle by disrupting the negative feedback engendered by public stigma, thereby reducing self-stigma among people with mental health problems. A combined approach involving knowledge, attitudes and behaviour is needed; mass interventions that facilitate disclosure and positive social contact may be the most effective. Improving availability of information about mental health issues and facilitating access to care and help-seeking also show promise with regard to stigma.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJourna...
Additional Information: © 2011 Cambridge University Press
Divisions: Personal Social Services Research Unit
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Sets: Research centres and groups > Personal Social Services Research Unit (PSSRU)
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2015 13:42
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2020 01:34
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/63021

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