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The impact of epidemic violence on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Schmidt, Ulrike, Ribeiro, Wagner Silva, Mari, Jair de Jesus, Quintana, Maria Inês, Dewey, Michael E., Evans-Lacko, Sara, Vilete, Liliane Maria Pereira, Figueira, Ivan, Bressan, Rodrigo Affonseca, de Mello, Marcelo Feijó, Prince, Martin, Ferri, Cleusa P., Coutinho, Evandro Silva Freire and Andreoli, Sérgio Baxter (2013) The impact of epidemic violence on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. PLOS ONE, 8 (5). e63545. ISSN 1932-6203

Full text not available from this repository.
Identification Number: 10.1371/journal.pone.0063545

Abstract

Background Violence and other traumatic events, as well as psychiatric disorders are frequent in developing countries, but there are few population studies to show the actual impact of traumatic events in the psychiatric morbidity in low and middle-income countries (LMIC). Aims To study the relationship between traumatic events and prevalence of mental disorders in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Methods Cross-sectional survey carried out in 2007–2008 with a probabilistic representative sample of 15- to 75-year-old residents in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Results The sample comprised 3744 interviews. Nearly 90% of participants faced lifetime traumatic events. Lifetime prevalence of any disorders was 44% in Sao Paulo and 42.1% in Rio de Janeiro. One-year estimates were 32.5% and 31.2%. One-year prevalence of traumatic events was higher in Rio de Janeiro than Sao Paulo (35.1 vs. 21.7; p<0.001). Participants from Rio de Janeiro were less likely to have alcohol dependence (OR = 0.55; p = 0.027), depression (OR = 0.6; p = 0.006) generalized anxiety (OR = 0.59; p = 0.021) and post-traumatic stress disorder (OR = 0.62; p = 0.027). Traumatic events correlated with all diagnoses – e.g. assaultive violence with alcohol dependence (OR = 5.7; p<0.001) and with depression (OR = 1.7; p = 0.001).

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/
Additional Information: © 2013 Ribeiro et al. © CC
Divisions: Personal Social Services Research Unit
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Sets: Research centres and groups > Personal Social Services Research Unit (PSSRU)
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2015 14:31
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2019 01:51
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/62988

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