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The conceptualization and measurement ofethnic and religious divisions:categorical, temporal, and spatial dimensions with evidencefrom Mindanao, the Philippines

Gisselquist, Rachel M. and McDoom, Omar (2015) The conceptualization and measurement ofethnic and religious divisions:categorical, temporal, and spatial dimensions with evidencefrom Mindanao, the Philippines. WIDER Working Paper (2015/022). World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), Helsinki. ISBN 9789292309077

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Abstract

A large body of recent quantitative work on the ‘diversity detriment’ hypothesis finds that ethno-religious diversity is linked with a host of societal ills, implying in turn a strong challenge to multiculturalist theory and policies. Given the stakes, the appropriate conceptualization and measurement of ethno-religious divisions is a matter of considerable importance. This paper provides a synthetic critique of how major measures each capture the notion of ‘divisions’ and relate to each other conceptually and empirically within a divided society. Furthermore, instead of presenting temporal snapshots of divisions at the national level, as in most previous work on the topic, we explore how measures perform at more localized levels of analysis and over time, drawing on individual level census data from Mindanao, the Philippines. We highlight four conceptually ‘big’ issues we believe deserve emphasis and further investigation: the sensitivity of measures to the choice of construct, categorization methodology, passage of time, and spatial variation. We provide guidance and discuss the key implications of these points both for quantitative scholars working with these measures and for qualitatively inclined empiricists and normative theorists wishing to interpret, evaluate or otherwise engage with the quantitative research on the merits of diversity.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Official URL: http://www.wider.unu.edu/
Divisions: Government
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
JEL classification: D - Microeconomics > D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making > D70 - General
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J15 - Economics of Minorities and Races; Non-labor Discrimination
N - Economic History > N3 - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Income, and Wealth > N35 - Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Income and Wealth: Asia including Middle East
Sets: Departments > Government
Date Deposited: 15 May 2015 16:50
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2019 23:26
Projects: Disadvantaged groups and social mobility
Funders: UNU-WIDER gratefully acknowledges the financial contributions to the research programme from the governments of Denmark, Finland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/61993

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