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Urban escalators and inter-regional elevators: the difference that location, mobility and sectoral specialisation make to occupational progression

Champion, Tony and Gordon, Ian R. (2013) Urban escalators and inter-regional elevators: the difference that location, mobility and sectoral specialisation make to occupational progression. SERC Discussion Papers (SERCDP0139). The London School of Economics and Political Science ,SERC Discussion Paper, London, UK.

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Abstract

This paper uses evidence from the (British) Longitudinal Study to examine the influence on occupational advancement of the city-region of residence (an escalator effect) and of relocation between city-regions (an elevator effect). It shows both effects to be substantively important, though less so than the sector of employment. Elevator effects are found to be associated with moves from slacker to tighter regional labour markets. Escalator effects, on the other hand, are linked with residence in larger urban agglomerations, though not specifically London, but also across most of the Greater South East and in second/third order city-regions elsewhere. Sectoral escalator effects are found to be particularly strong in knowledge-intensive activities, with concentrations of these, as of other advanced job types (rather than of graduate labour), contributing strongly to the more dynamic city-regional escalators. The impact of the geographic effects is found to vary substantially with both observed and unobserved personal characteristics, being substantially stronger for the young and for those whose unobserved attributes (e.g. dynamic human capital) generally boost rates of occupational advance.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: http://rlab.lse.ac.uk/_new/publications/abstract.a...
Additional Information: © 2013 The Authors
Divisions: Geography & Environment
Spatial Economics Research Centre
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Sets: Departments > Geography and Environment
Research centres and groups > Spatial Economics Research Centre
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2014 11:55
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2019 23:26
Funders: Economic and Social Research Council, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS), Welsh Government
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/59245

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