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Risk regulation and transnationality: institutional accountability as a driver of innovation

Baldwin, Robert, Black, Julia ORCID: 0000-0002-5838-3265 and O’Leary, Gerard (2014) Risk regulation and transnationality: institutional accountability as a driver of innovation. Transnational Environmental Law, 3 (2). pp. 373-390. ISSN 2047-1025

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Identification Number: 10.1017/S2047102514000120


This article describes the processes that led the Irish Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to develop a National Inspection Plan for domestic waste water treatment systems, following intervention from European Union institutions. The discussion focuses on two issues: the role of transnational institutional settings in galvanizing innovation and regulatory reform, and the practical challenges of dealing with lower risks. It is argued that multi-level transnational regimes have considerable potential to stimulate high-level reviews of regulatory strategy. As a result, lower risks present challenges that cannot be ignored in favour of policies that focus on the most severe risks. Traditional risk regulation theories, it is contended, do not provide much assistance in selecting intervention strategies in the face of such pressures, but the example of the Irish EPA shows how regulators can address these issues.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2014 Cambridge University Press
Divisions: Law
Centre for Analysis of Risk & Regulation
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD61 Risk Management
JEL classification: Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q56 - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounting; Environmental Equity
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2014 09:44
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 00:49

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