Cookies?
Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

Socioeconomic inequalities in premature mortality in Colombia, 1998–2007: the double burden of non-communicable diseases and injuries

Arroyave, Ivan, Burdorf, Alex, Cardona, Doris and Avendano, Mauricio (2014) Socioeconomic inequalities in premature mortality in Colombia, 1998–2007: the double burden of non-communicable diseases and injuries. Preventive Medicine, 64 . pp. 41-47. ISSN 0091-7435

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Objectives: Non-communicable diseases have become the leading cause of death in middle-income countries, but mortality from injuries and infections remains high. We examined the contribution of specific causes to disparities in adult premature mortality (ages 25-64) by educational level from 1998 to 2007 in Colombia. Methods: Data from mortality registries were linked to population censuses to obtain mortality rates by educational attainment. We used Poisson regression to model trends in mortality by educational attainment and estimated the contribution of specific causes to the Slope Index of Inequality. Results: Men and women with only primary education had higher premature mortality than men and women with post-secondary education (RRmen=2.60, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.56, 2.64; RRwomen=2.36, CI: 2.31, 2.42). Mortality declined in all educational groups, but declines were significantly larger for higher-educated men and women. Homicide explained 55.1% of male inequalities while non-communicable diseases explained 62.5% of female inequalities and 27.1% of male inequalities. Infections explained a small proportion of inequalities in mortality. Conclusion: Injuries and non-communicable diseases contribute considerably to disparities in premature mortality in Colombia. Multi-sector policies to reduce both interpersonal violence and non-communicable disease risk factors are required to curb mortality disparities.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/preventive-medici...
Additional Information: © 2014 Elsevier
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Sets: Departments > Social Policy
Research centres and groups > LSE Health
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Date Deposited: 13 May 2014 13:44
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/56758/

Actions (login required)

Record administration - authorised staff only Record administration - authorised staff only