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Officers as mirrors: policing, procedural justice and the (re)production of social identity

Bradford, Ben, Murphy, K. and Jackson, Jonathan (2014) Officers as mirrors: policing, procedural justice and the (re)production of social identity. British Journal of Criminology, 54 (4). pp. 527-550. ISSN 0007-0955

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Abstract

Encounters with the criminal justice system shape people’s perceptions of the legitimacy of legal authorities, and the dominant explanatory framework for this relationship revolves around the idea that procedurally just practice increases people’s positive connections to justice institutions. But there have been few assessments of the idea—central to procedural justice theory—that social identity acts as an important social-psychological bridge in this process. Our contribution in this paper is to examine the empirical links between procedural justice, social identity and legitimacy in the context of policing in Australia. A representative two-wave panel survey of Australians suggests that social identity does mediate the association between procedural justice and perceptions of legitimacy. It seems that when people feel fairly treated by police, their sense of identification with the superordinate group the police represent is enhanced, strengthening police legitimacy as a result. By contrast, unfair treatment signals to people that they do not belong, undermining both identification and police legitimacy.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://bjc.oxfordjournals.org/
Additional Information: © 2014 Oxford University Press
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
K Law > K Law (General)
Sets: Departments > Methodology
Research centres and groups > Mannheim Centre for Criminology
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Funders: Australian Research Council
Projects: DP0987792
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2014 16:26
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/56115/

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