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Happiness: before and after the kids

Myrskylä, Mikko and Margolis, Rachel (2014) Happiness: before and after the kids. Demography, 51 (5). pp. 1843-1866. ISSN 0070-3370

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Identification Number: 10.1007/s13524-014-0321-x


Understanding how the process of childbearing influences parental well-being has great potential to explain variation in fertility. However, most research on fertility and happiness uses cross-sectional data, hindering causal conclusions. We study trajectories of parental happiness before and after the birth of a child using British and German panel data and methods which control for unobserved parental characteristics. We find that happiness increases prior to and in the year of having a child and decreases thereafter, but not below before-child levels. This general pattern is modified by sociodemographic characteristics. Those who become parents at young ages have a downward happiness trajectory, while those becoming parents at older ages have a higher happiness level after the birth. The first child tends to increase happiness a lot, the second much less, and the third may decrease happiness. Socioeconomic resources are important for men, as those with low education gain little in happiness from the birth of a child. Women experience stronger pre-birth highs and post-birth drops than men. These results, which are similar in Britain and Germany, suggest that childbearing increases parental happiness most among those who postpone and have more resources. This recipe for happiness is highly consistent with the fertility behavior that emerged during the second demographic transition and provides new insights into the causes behind low and late fertility.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2014 The Authors
Divisions: Lifecourse, Ageing & Population Health
Social Policy
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2014 11:09
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 02:09

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