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The effect of family background on the educational gradient in lifetime fertility among Finnish women

Nisen, Jessica, Silventoinen, Karri, Myrskylä, Mikko and Martikainen, Pekka (2014) The effect of family background on the educational gradient in lifetime fertility among Finnish women. Population Studies . ISSN 0032-4728 (In Press)

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Abstract

An inverse association between education and fertility in women has been found in many societies but the causes of this association remain inadequately understood. We investigated whether observed and unobserved family-background characteristics explained educational differences in lifetime fertility among 35,212 Finnish women born in 1940-50. Poisson and logistic regression models, adjusted for measured socio-demographic family-background characteristics and for unobserved family characteristics shared by siblings, were used to analyse the relationship between education and the number of children, having any children, and fertility beyond the first child. The woman's education and the socio-economic position of the family were negatively associated with fertility. Observed family characteristics moderately (3-28 per cent) explained the association between education and fertility, and results from models including unobserved characteristics supported this interpretation. The remaining association may represent a causal relationship between education and fertility or joint preferences that form independently of our measures of background.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/rpst20
Additional Information: © 2014 Taylor and Francis
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
Sets: Research centres and groups > ALPHA (Ageing, Lifecourse and Population Health Analysis)
Departments > Social Policy
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2014 11:55
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/55171/

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