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Displacing corruption: evidence from a tariff liberalization program

Sequeira, Sandra (2013) Displacing corruption: evidence from a tariff liberalization program. The London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

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This paper investigates how corrupt public officials and private agents adjust to policy reforms that change opportunities for bribery deals to take place. I exploit an exogenously determined tariff liberalization program that altered opportunities to extract bribes through a particular method -"selling" tariff evasion, to study how changes in tariff levels affect the incidence, the distribution, and the level of bribes paid during different stages of the process of importing goods. The reduction in tariff rates was associated with a significant decline (60%) in bribe payments to customs officials for tariff evasion on imported goods. This is however partially offset by the displacement of corruption into other firms of bribe extraction that led to a 70% increase in average bribes per transaction and a shift from collusive to coercive firms of corruption. I then provide suggestive evidence on how these displacement affects can be economically costly given that firms respond to changes in bribe patterns by adjusting their sourcing decisions. Firms experiencing an increase in the probability of paying a coercive bribe are more likely to source a higher percentage of their inputs domestically, with significant implications firm performance. These unintended affects of policy reform highlight important policy complementarities in the design of trade and anti-corruption policies.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2013 The Author
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Journal of Economic Literature Classification System: D - Microeconomics > D2 - Production and Organizations > D21 - Firm Behavior
D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics > D61 - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
D - Microeconomics > D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making > D73 - Bureaucracy; Administrative Processes in Public Organizations; Corruption
K - Law and Economics > K4 - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior > K42 - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
L - Industrial Organization > L9 - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities > L91 - Transportation: General
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O12 - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O5 - Economywide Country Studies > O55 - Africa
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R4 - Transportation Systems > R41 - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
Sets: Departments > International Development
Collections > Economists Online
Research centres and groups > Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines (STICERD)
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2013 12:28

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