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Measuring health inequality with categorical data: some regional patterns

Costa-i-Font, Joan and Cowell, Frank (2013) Measuring health inequality with categorical data: some regional patterns. CESifo working paper, no. 4427. CESifo Group, Munich, Germany.

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Abstract

Much of the theoretical literature on inequality assumes that the equalisand is a cardinal variable like income or wealth. However, health status is generally measured as a categorical variable expressing a qualitative order. Traditional solutions involve reclassifying the variable by means of qualitative models and relying on inequality measures that are mean independent. We argue that the way status is conceptualized has important theoretical implications for measurement as well as for policy analysis. We also bring to the data a recently proposed approach to measuring self-reported health inequality that meets both rigorous and practical considerations. We draw upon the World Health Survey data to examine alternative pragmatic methods for making health inequality comparisons. Findings suggest significant differences in health inequality measurement and that regional and country patterns of inequality orderings do not coincide with any reasonable categorization of countries by health system organization.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Official URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/ifoH...
Additional Information: © 2013 The Authors
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Journal of Economic Literature Classification System: D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics > D63 - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
H - Public Economics > H2 - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue > H23 - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I18 - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
Sets: Departments > Economics
Departments > European Institute
Departments > Social Policy
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Research centres and groups > Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines (STICERD)
Research centres and groups > Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion (CASE)
Research centres and groups > LSE Health
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: no. 4427
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2013 15:35
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/54283/

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