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The tertiary tilt: education and inequality in the developing world

Gruber, Lloyd and Kosack, Stephen (2014) The tertiary tilt: education and inequality in the developing world. World Development, 54. pp. 253-272. ISSN 0305-750X

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.08.002


Education is widely perceived to be a tonic for the rising inequality that often accompanies development. But most developing-country governments tilt their education spending toward higher education, which disproportionately benefits elites. We find that in countries with high "tertiary tilts," rising primary enrollment is associated a decade later with far higher inequality-not the lower Gini coefficients many would expect. Since most developing countries tilt their spending toward higher education, our analysis suggests that efforts that concentrate only on expanding mass education, such as the UN's Millennium Campaign, could end up raising inequality in much of the developing world.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Divisions: International Development
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
L Education > L Education (General)
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2013 11:40
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2024 02:27
Funders: Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines

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