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Contribution of changes in incidence and mortality to trends in the prevalence of coronary heart disease in the UK: 1996–2005

Davies, Alisha Ruth, Smeeth, Liam and Grundy, Emily (2007) Contribution of changes in incidence and mortality to trends in the prevalence of coronary heart disease in the UK: 1996–2005. European Heart Journal, 28 (17). pp. 2142-2147. ISSN 0195-668X

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Identification Number: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehm272

Abstract

Aims: - To assess how trends in the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and mortality rates among people with CHD have affected the prevalence of CHD in the UK. Methods and results: - A time trend analysis using computerized general practice clinical records of people aged 35 years and over was performed. From 1996 to 2005, age-standardized incidence of CHD decreased by 2.2% in men and 2.3% in women per year (average percentage change). Age-standardized all-cause mortality among those with CHD decreased by 4.5% in men and 3.4% in women per year (average percentage change). Age-standardized prevalence increased by 1.3% in men and 1.7% in women per year (average percentage change). Although the decline in incidence had some impact on limiting the increase in prevalence, its effect was offset by the increase in prevalence occurring as a result of improved survival among people with CHD. Conclusion: - The results suggest that increasing prevalence is largely due to decreasing mortality among people with CHD. Further increases in prevalence are likely even if the incidence of CHD continues to fall.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://eurheartj.oxfordjournals.org/
Additional Information: © 2007 Oxford University Press
Divisions: Social Policy
Lifecourse, Ageing & Population Health
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Sets: Departments > Social Policy
Research centres and groups > ALPHA (Ageing, Lifecourse and Population Health Analysis)
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2013 11:23
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2020 03:36
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/53806

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