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Socio-demographic differences in the onset and progression of disability in early old age: a longitudinal study

Grundy, Emily and Glaser, Karen (2000) Socio-demographic differences in the onset and progression of disability in early old age: a longitudinal study. Age and Ageing, 29 (2). pp. 149-157. ISSN 0002-0729

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Identification Number: 10.1093/ageing/29.2.149

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: to analyse socio-demographic differences in the onset and progression of disability. DESIGN: analysis of a cohort of people aged 55-69 in 1988-9 and in 1994. SUBJECTS: a representative sample of 3543 adults. METHODS: we measured severity of disability at baseline and follow-up. We analysed variations in incidence and progression of disability by using logistic regression. RESULTS: Baseline severity of disability was similar for men and women but varied by age group, social class, educational qualifications and housing tenure. At follow-up, 36% had worse disability, 12% better and 53% the same as at baseline. Increased severity of disability and new incidence of disability were associated with lower socioeconomic status, baseline self-rated health status, age and gender. High initial levels of disability were associated with improvement at follow-up. CONCLUSION: disability can be dynamic, although deterioration is more usual than improvement. The reasons for the associations found between disability and socio-economic status are unclear.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://ageing.oxfordjournals.org/
Additional Information: © 2000 British Geriatrics Society
Divisions: Social Policy
Lifecourse, Ageing & Population Health
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Sets: Departments > Social Policy
Research centres and groups > ALPHA (Ageing, Lifecourse and Population Health Analysis)
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2013 10:54
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2020 01:52
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/53522

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