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Multiparty elections and land patronage: Zimbabwe and Côte d'Ivoire

Boone, Catherine and Kriger, Norman (2010) Multiparty elections and land patronage: Zimbabwe and Côte d'Ivoire. Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, 48 (2). pp. 173-202. ISSN 1466-2043

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Abstract

This paper aims at some general understanding of the phenomenon of politicians using land rights as a patronage resource in attempts to mobilise electoral support. Using Zimbabwe and Côte d'Ivoire as case studies, it argues that the increasing visibility of land as a patronage resource in African multiparty elections may be at least partly explained by the convergence of three specific constraints and incentives confronting politicians. First, weak legal restraints on rulers’ ability to allocate land rights create opportunities for politicians to use land as a patronage resource. Second, competitive multiparty elections mean that politicians must work to mobilise constituency support in order to win. Third, the dwindling fiscal capacity of the state can heighten the attractiveness of land as a patronage resource. Land can be offered as a patronage resource even when state coffers run low.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/action/journalInformati...
Additional Information: © 2010 Taylor & Francis
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD100 Land Use
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
J Political Science > JS Local government Municipal government
Sets: Departments > International Development
Departments > Government
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2013 14:56
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/53403/

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