Cheshire, Paul and Magrini, Stefano (2009) Urban growth drivers and spatial inequalities: Europe - a case with geographically sticky people. LSE 'Europe in Question' discussion paper series, 11/2009. The London School of Economics and Political Science, London.
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Analysts of regional growth differences in the US tend to assume full spatial equilibrium (Glaeser et al, 1995). Flows of people thus indicate changes in the distribution of spatial welfare more effectively than differences in incomes. Research in Europe, however, shows that people tend to be immobile. Even mobility within countries is restricted compared to the US but national boundaries offer particular barriers to spatial adjustment. Thus it is less reasonable to assume full spatial equilibrium in a European context and differences in per capita incomes may persist and signal real spatial welfare differences. Furthermore, it implies that the drivers of what population movement there is, may differ from the drivers of spatial differences in productivity or output growth. This paper analyses the drivers of differential urban growth in the EU both in terms of population and output growth. The results show significant differences in the drivers as well as common ones. They also reveal the extent to which national borders still impede spatial adjustment in Europe. This has important implications for policy and may apply more generally to countries – for example China - less homogeneous than the USA.
|Item Type:||Monograph (Discussion Paper)|
|Additional Information:||© 2009 The Authors|
|Library of Congress subject classification:||H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform|
|Sets:||Departments > European Institute
Departments > Geography and Environment
Research centres and groups > Spatial Economics Research Centre
Research centres and groups > Greater London Group
Collections > LSE ‘Europe in Question’ Discussion Paper Series
|Date Deposited:||07 Oct 2013 07:49|
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