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Accounting for cross-country income differences

Caselli, Francesco (2004) Accounting for cross-country income differences. 10828. National Bureau of Economic Research, London, UK.

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Abstract

Why are some countries so much richer than others? Development Accounting is a first-pass attempt at organizing the answer around two proximate determinants: factors of production and efficiency. It answers the question ``how much of the cross-country income variance can be attributed to differences in (physical and human) capital, and how much to differences in the efficiency with which capital is used?'' Hence, it does for the cross-section what growth accounting does in the time series. The current consensus is that efficiency is at least as important as capital in explaining income differences. I survey the data and the basic methods that lead to this consensus, and explore several extensions. I argue that some of these extensions may lead to a reconsideration of the evidence.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Official URL: http://www.nber.org
Additional Information: © 2004 Francesco Caselli
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Journal of Economic Literature Classification System: E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O5 - Economywide Country Studies
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O4 - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O2 - Development Planning and Policy
Sets: Collections > Economists Online
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Departments > Economics
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: 10828
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2008 14:23
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/5292/

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