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Exclusionary policies in urban development: under-servicing migrant households in Brazilian cities

Feler, Leo and Henderson, J. Vernon (2011) Exclusionary policies in urban development: under-servicing migrant households in Brazilian cities. Journal of Urban Economics, 69 (3). pp. 253-272. ISSN 0094-1190

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jue.2010.09.006

Abstract

Localities in developed countries often enact regulations to deter low-income households from moving in. In developing countries, such restrictions lead to the emergence of informal housing sectors. To deter low-income migrants, localities in developing countries withhold public services to the informal housing sector. Using a large sample of Brazilian localities, we examine migration and exclusion, focusing on the public provision of water to small houses where low-income migrants are likely to live. Withholding water connections reduces the locality growth rate, particularly of low-education households. In terms of service provision, during dictatorship in Brazil, we find evidence of strategic exclusion, where localities appear to withhold services to deter in-migration. We also find evidence of strategic interactions among localities within metro areas in their setting of service levels: if one locality provides more services to migrant households, other localities respond by withholding service.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00941...
Additional Information: © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
Divisions: Geography & Environment
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
JEL classification: D - Microeconomics > D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making
H - Public Economics > H7 - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O5 - Economywide Country Studies > O54 - Latin America; Caribbean
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R5 - Regional Government Analysis
Sets: Departments > Geography and Environment
Collections > Economists Online
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2013 09:17
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2019 18:38
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/52078

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