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Mental health reform in the Russian Federation: an integrated approach to achieve social inclusion and recovery

Jenkins, Rachel, Lancashire, Stuart, McDaid, David, Samyshkin, Yevgeniy, Green, Samantha, Watkins, Jonathan, Potasheva, Angelina, Nikiforov, Alexey, Bobylova, Zinaida, Gafurov, Valery, Goldberg, David, Huxley, Peter, Lucas, Jo, Purchase, Nick and Atun, Rifat (2007) Mental health reform in the Russian Federation: an integrated approach to achieve social inclusion and recovery. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 85 (11). pp. 858-866. ISSN 0042-9686

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Abstract

Objective: To facilitate mental health reform in one Russian oblast (region) using systematic approaches to policy design and implementation. Methods The authors undertook a three-year action-research programme across three pilot sites, comprising a multifaceted set of interventions combining situation appraisal to inform planning, sustained policy dialogue at federal and regional levels to catalyse change, introduction of multidisciplinary and intersectoral-working at all levels, skills-based training for professionals, and support for nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to develop new care models. Findings Training programmes developed in this process have been adopted into routine curricula with measurable changes in staff skills. Approaches to care improved through multidisciplinary and multisectoral service delivery, with an increase in NGO activities, user involvement in care planning and delivery in all pilot sites. Hospital admissions at start and end of the study fell in two pilot sites, while the rate of readmissions in all three pilot sites by 2006 was below that for the region as a whole. Lessons learned have informed the development of regional and federal mental health policies. Conclusion A multifaceted and comprehensive programme can be effective in overcoming organizational barriers to the introduction of evidence-based multisectoral interventions in one Russian region. This can help facilitate significant and sustainable changes in policy and reduce institutionalization.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.who.int/bulletin/en/
Additional Information: © 2007 World Health Organization
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Sets: Research centres and groups > Personal Social Services Research Unit (PSSRU)
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Date Deposited: 23 May 2008 15:15
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/5046/

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