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Fostering team creativity: perspective taking as key to unlocking diversity's potential

Hoever, Inga J., van Knippenberg, Daan, van Ginkel, Wendy P. and Barkema, Harry G. ORCID: 0000-0001-6837-391X (2012) Fostering team creativity: perspective taking as key to unlocking diversity's potential. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97 (5). pp. 982-996. ISSN 0021-9010

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Identification Number: 10.1037/a0029159


Despite the clear importance of team creativity for organizations, the conditions that foster it are not very well understood. Even though diversity, especially diversity of perspectives and knowledge, is frequently argued to stimulate higher creativity in teams, empirical findings on this relationship remain inconsistent. We have developed a theoretical model in which the effect of a team's diversity on its creativity is moderated by the degree to which team members engage in perspective taking. We propose that perspective taking helps realize the creative benefits of diversity of perspectives by fostering information elaboration. Results of a laboratory experiment support the hypothesized interaction between diversity and perspective taking on team creativity. Diverse teams performed more creatively than homogeneous teams when they engaged in perspective taking, but not when they were not instructed to take their team members' perspectives. Team information elaboration was found to mediate this moderated effect and was associated with a stronger indirect effect than mere information sharing or task conflict. Our results point to perspective taking as an important mechanism to unlock diversity's potential for team creativity.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2012 American Psychological Association
Divisions: Management
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2013 14:11
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2024 18:33

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