Haacke, Jürgen (2012) Myanmar: now a site for Sino–US geopolitical competition? IDEAS reports - special reports, Kitchen, Nicholas (ed.) SR015. LSE IDEAS, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
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After the suppression of political protests in 1988, the Unites States’ Burma policy was primarily focused on the restoration of democracy and support for Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and the National League for Democracy (NLD). The strong anti-regime thrust of this policy meant that until 2011, when the ruling military junta, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC; previously known as the State Law and Order Restoration Council, or SLORC) handed over power to a nominally civilian government, Washington consistently ostracised Myanmar in international society. Moreover, the US systematically applied unilateral, broadbased sanctions, and persistently called for a genuine dialogue with the political opposition that would ultimately lead to a transfer of power. Very much influenced and buttressed by a network of exiled Burmese dissidents and solidarity organisations, various human rights and pro-democracy groups, as well as overwhelming support in both houses of Congress, US policy nevertheless failed to force Myanmar’s leadership to compromise, let alone abandon their own political roadmap, as initiated in 2003. In the face of considerable US pressure, Naypyidaw relied above all on China for diplomatic protection at the UN Security Council, as well as financial assistance and expertise for limited economic development.
|Item Type:||Monograph (Report)|
|Additional Information:||© 2012 The Author|
|Library of Congress subject classification:||J Political Science > JQ Political institutions Asia
J Political Science > JZ International relations
|Sets:||Departments > International Relations
Research centres and groups > LSE IDEAS
Research centres and groups > Asia Research Centre
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