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Taxation and international mobility of superstars: evidence from the European football market

Kleven, Henrik Jacobsen, Landais, Camille and Saez, Emmanuel (2013) Taxation and international mobility of superstars: evidence from the European football market. American Economic Review, 103 (5). pp. 1892-1924. ISSN 0002-8282

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Identification Number: 10.1257/aer.103.5.1892


We analyze the effects of top tax rates on international migration of football players in 14 European countries since 1985. Both country case studies and multinomial regressions show evidence of strong mobility responses to tax rates, with an elasticity of the number of foreign (domestic) players to the net-of-tax rate around one (around 0.15). We also find evidence of sorting effects (low taxes attract highability players who displace low-ability players) and displacement effects (low taxes on foreigners displace domestic players). Those results can be rationalized in a simple model of migration and taxation with rigid labor demand.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2013 American Economic Association
Divisions: Economics
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
JEL classification: F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F22 - International Migration
H - Public Economics > H2 - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue > H24 - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2013 15:41
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 02:01
Projects: SES-0850631
Funders: Center for Equitable Growth at UC Berkeley, European Tax Policy Forum, National Science Foundation

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