Crescenzi, Riccardo, Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés and Storper, Michael
The territorial dynamics of innovation in China and India.
Journal of economic geography, 12
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This article analyses the geography of innovation in China and India. Using a tailor-made panel database for regions in these two countries, we show that both countries exhibit increasingly strong polarization of innovative capacity in a limited number of urban areas. But the factors behind this polarization and the strong contrasts in innovative capacity between the provinces and states within both countries are quite different. In China, the concentration of innovation is fundamentally driven by agglomeration forces, linked to population, industrial specialization and infrastructure endowment. Innovative areas in China, rather than generate knowledge spillovers, seem to produce strong backwash effects. In India, by contrast, innovation is much more dependent on a combination of good local socioeconomic structures and investment in science and technology. Indian innovation hubs also generate positive knowledge spillovers to other regions.
||© 2012 The Authors
||Innovation, R&D, socioeconomic conditions, geography, regions, China, India
|Library of Congress subject classification:
||D History General and Old World > DS Asia
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
|Journal of Economic Literature Classification System:
||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development > O32 - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development > O33 - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R11 - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, and Changes
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R12 - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade
||Departments > European Institute
Departments > Geography and Environment
Research centres and groups > Spatial Economics Research Centre
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