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Positive fantasies about idealized futures sap energy

Kappes, Heather Barry and Oettingen, Gabriele (2011) Positive fantasies about idealized futures sap energy. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47 (4). pp. 719-729. ISSN 0022-1031

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Abstract

Positive fantasies allow people to mentally indulge in a desired future. Whereas previous research found that spontaneously generated positive fantasies about the future predict poor achievement, we examined the effect of experimentally induced positive fantasies about the future. The present four experiments identify low energy, measured by physiological and behavioral indicators, as a mechanism by which positive fantasies translate into poor achievement. Induced positive fantasies resulted in less energy than fantasies that questioned the desired future (Study 1), negative fantasies (Study 2), or neutral fantasies (Study 3). Additionally, positive fantasies yielded a larger decrease in energy when they pertained to a more rather than a less pressing need (Study 4). Results indicate that one reason positive fantasies predict poor achievement is because they do not generate energy to pursue the desired future.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-experi...
Additional Information: © 2011 Elsevier
Library of Congress subject classification: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Sets: Departments > Management
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2012 10:20
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/46284/

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