Azmat, Ghazala, Manning, Alan and Van Reenen, John
Privatization, entry regulation and the decline of labor's share of GDP: a cross-country analysis of the network industries.
Centre for Economic Performance , London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
Labor’s share of GDP in most OECD countries has declined over the last two decades. Some authors have suggested that these changes are linked to deregulation of product and labor markets. To examine this we focus on a large quasi-experiment in the OECD: the privatization of many network industries (e.g. telecommunications and utilities). We present a model with agency problems, imperfect product market competition and worker bargaining which makes clear predictions on how the labor share, employment and wages respond to privatization and other regulatory changes. We exploit cross-country panel data on several network industries and find that privatization can account for a significant proportion of the fall of labor’s share (a fifth overall, but over half in Britain and France). The impact of privatization has been offset by falling barriers to entry, which consistent with theory, dampens profit margins.
||© 2007 G. Azmat, A. Manning and J. Van Reenen
||Profit share, Wages, Privatization, Entry Regulation
|Library of Congress subject classification:
||H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
|Journal of Economic Literature Classification System:
||E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment > E25 - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment > E24 - Macroeconomics: Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution (includes wage indexation)
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment > E22 - Capital; Investment (including Inventories); Capacity
L - Industrial Organization > L3 - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise > L32 - Public Enterprises
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs > J30 - General
L - Industrial Organization > L3 - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise > L33 - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprises; Privatization; Contracting Out
||Collections > Economists Online
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Departments > Economics
||30 Apr 2008 14:54
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