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Valuing school quality using boundary discontinuities

Gibbons, Stephen, Machin, Stephen and Silva, Olmo (2012) Valuing school quality using boundary discontinuities. CEE discussion papers, CEE DP 132. Centre for the Economics of Education, London, UK.

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Abstract

Existing research shows that house prices respond to local school quality as measured by average test scores. However, higher test scores could signal better quality teaching and academic value-added, or higher ability, sought-after intakes. In our research, we show decisively that value-added drives households’ demand for good schooling. However, prior achievement – linked to the background of children in school – also matters. In order to identify these effects, we improve the boundary discontinuity regression methodology by matching identical properties across admissions authority boundaries; by allowing for boundary effects and spatial trends; by re-weighting our data towards transactions that are closest to district boundaries; by eliminating boundaries that coincide with major geographical features; and by submitting our estimates to a number of novel falsification tests. Our results survive this battery of experiments and show that a one-standard deviation change in either school average value-added or prior achievement raises prices by around 3%.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: http://cee.lse.ac.uk/pubs/abstract.asp?index=3968
Additional Information: © 2012 The Authors
Library of Congress subject classification: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
L Education > L Education (General)
Journal of Economic Literature Classification System: C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2 - Econometric Methods: Single Equation Models; Single Variables > C21 - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
H - Public Economics > H7 - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations > H75 - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education > I20 - General
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R2 - Household Analysis > R21 - Housing Demand
Sets: Departments > Geography and Environment
Research centres and groups > Spatial Economics Research Centre
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Collections > Economists Online
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: CEE DP 132
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2012 10:39
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/45239/

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