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Does legalized prostitution increase human trafficking?

Cho, Seo-Young, Dreher, Axel and Neumayer, Eric (2013) Does legalized prostitution increase human trafficking? World Development, 41 . pp. 67-82. ISSN 0305-750X

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Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of legalized prostitution on human trafficking inflows. According to economic theory, there are two opposing effects of unknown magnitude. The scale effect of legalized prostitution leads to an expansion of the prostitution market, increasing human trafficking, while the substitution effect reduces demand for trafficked women as legal prostitutes are favored over trafficked ones. Our empirical analysis for a cross-section of up to 150 countries shows that the scale effect dominates the substitution effect. On average, countries where prostitution is legal experience larger reported human trafficking inflows.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/world-development...
Additional Information: © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Sets: Departments > Geography and Environment
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Funders: European Commission
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2012 10:24
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/45198/

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