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Competitive religious entrepreneurs: Christian missionaries and female education in colonial and post-colonial India

Lankina, Tomila V. and Getachew, Lullit (2013) Competitive religious entrepreneurs: Christian missionaries and female education in colonial and post-colonial India. British Journal of Political Science, 43 (1). pp. 103-131. ISSN 1469-2112

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Abstract

This article explores the influence of Protestant missionaries on male–female educational inequalities in colonial India. Causal mechanisms drawn from the sociology and economics of religion highlight the importance of religious competition for the provision of public goods. Competition between religious and secular groups spurred missionaries to play a key role in the development of mass female schooling. A case study of Kerala illustrates this. The statistical analysis, with district-level datasets, covers colonial and post-colonial periods for most of India. Missionary effects are compared with those of British colonial rule, modernization, European presence, education expenditures, post-colonial democracy, Islam, caste and tribal status, and land tenure. Christian missionary activity is consistently associated with better female education outcomes in both the colonial and post-colonial periods.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJourna...
Additional Information: © 2013 Cambridge University Press
Library of Congress subject classification: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BX Christian Denominations
D History General and Old World > DS Asia
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
L Education > L Education (General)
Sets: Departments > International Relations
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Funders: British Academy and De Montfort University
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2012 10:31
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/44929/

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